Ciências Económicas e Empresariais
Termo: Lista de Prémios Nobel da Economia
(com o apoio de PCNunes - Consultoria e Contabilidade)
Autor: Paulo Nunes
Data de criação: 17/05/2009
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Resumo: Apresentação da Lista de Prémios Nobel da Economia... ver mais
Palavras chave: Lista de Prémios Nobel da Economia
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Lista de Prémios Nobel da Economia
Laureados: Peter A. Diamond, Dale T. Mortensen, Christopher A. Pissarides
Motivo: "for their analysis of markets with search frictions"
Laureados: Elinor Ostrom, Oliver E. Williamson
Motivo: Elinor Ostrom: "for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons"; Oliver E. Williamson: "for his analysis of economic governance, especially the boundaries of the firm"
Laureados: Paul Krugman
Motivo: "for his analysis of trade patterns and location of economic activity"
Laureados: Leonid Hurwicz, Eric S. Maskin, Roger B. Myerson
Motivo: "for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory"
Laureados: Edmund S. Phelps
Motivo: "for his analysis of intertemporal tradeoffs in macroeconomic policy"
Laureados: Robert J. Aumann, Thomas C. Schelling
Motivo: "for having enhanced our understanding of conflict and cooperation through game-theory analysis"
Laureados: Finn E. Kydland, Edward C. Prescott
Motivo: "for their contributions to dynamic macroeconomics: the time consistency of economic policy and the driving forces behind business cycles"
Laureados: Robert F. Engle III, Clive W.J. Granger
Motivo: Robert F. Engle III "for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)" and Clive W.J. Granger "for methods of analyzing economic time series with common trends (cointegration)"
Laureados: Daniel Kahneman, Vernon L. Smith
Motivo: Daniel Kahneman "for having integrated insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty" and Vernon L. Smith "for having established laboratory experiments as a tool in empirical economic analysis, especially in the study of alternative market mechanisms"
Laureados: George A. Akerlof, A. Michael Spence, Joseph E. Stiglitz
Motivo: "for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information"
Laureados: James J. Heckman, Daniel L. McFadden
Motivo: James J. Heckman "for his development of theory and methods for analyzing selective samples" and Daniel L. McFadden "for his development of theory and methods for analyzing discrete choice"
Laureados: Robert A. Mundell
Motivo: "for his analysis of monetary and fiscal policy under different exchange rate regimes and his analysis of optimum currency areas"
Laureados: Amartya Sen
Motivo: "for his contributions to welfare economics"
Laureados: Robert C. Merton, Myron S. Scholes
Motivo: "for a new method to determine the value of derivatives"
Laureados: James A. Mirrlees, William Vickrey
Motivo: "for their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information"
Laureados: Robert E. Lucas Jr.
Motivo: "for having developed and applied the hypothesis of rational expectations, and thereby having transformed macroeconomic analysis and deepened our understanding of economic policy"
Laureados: John C. Harsanyi, John F. Nash Jr., Reinhard Selten
Motivo: "for their pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games"
Laureados: Robert W. Fogel, Douglass C. North
Motivo: "for having renewed research in economic history by applying economic theory and quantitative methods in order to explain economic and institutional change"
Laureados: Gary S. Becker
Motivo: "for having extended the domain of microeconomic analysis to a wide range of human behaviour and interaction, including nonmarket behaviour"
Laureados: Ronald H. Coase
Motivo: "for his discovery and clarification of the significance of transaction costs and property rights for the institutional structure and functioning of the economy"
Laureados: Harry M. Markowitz, Merton H. Miller, William F. Sharpe
Motivo: "for their pioneering work in the theory of financial economics"
Laureados: Trygve Haavelmo
Motivo: "for his clarification of the probability theory foundations of econometrics and his analyses of simultaneous economic structures"
Laureados: Maurice Allais
Motivo: "for his pioneering contributions to the theory of markets and efficient utilization of resources"
Laureados: Robert M. Solow
Motivo: "for his contributions to the theory of economic growth"
Laureados: James M. Buchanan Jr.
Motivo: "for his development of the contractual and constitutional bases for the theory of economic and political decision-making"
Laureados: Franco Modigliani
Motivo: "for his pioneering analyses of saving and of financial markets"
Laureados: Richard Stone
Motivo: "for having made fundamental contributions to the development of systems of national accounts and hence greatly improved the basis for empirical economic analysis"
Laureados: Gerard Debreu
Motivo: "for having incorporated new analytical methods into economic theory and for his rigorous reformulation of the theory of general equilibrium"
Laureados: George J. Stigler
Motivo: "for his seminal studies of industrial structures, functioning of markets and causes and effects of public regulation"
Laureados: James Tobin
Motivo: "for his analysis of financial markets and their relations to expenditure decisions, employment, production and prices"
Laureados: Lawrence R. Klein
Motivo: "for the creation of econometric models and the application to the analysis of economic fluctuations and economic policies"
Laureados: Theodore W. Schultz, Sir Arthur Lewis
Motivo: "for their pioneering research into economic development research with particular consideration of the problems of developing countries"
Laureados: Herbert A. Simon
Motivo: "for his pioneering research into the decision-making process within economic organizations"
Laureados: Bertil Ohlin, James E. Meade
Motivo: "for their pathbreaking contribution to the theory of international trade and international capital movements"
Laureados: Milton Friedman
Motivo: "for his achievements in the fields of consumption analysis, monetary history and theory and for his demonstration of the complexity of stabilization policy"
Laureados: Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich, Tjalling C. Koopmans
Motivo: "for their contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources"
Laureados: Gunnar Myrdal, Friedrich August von Hayek
Motivo: "for their pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and for their penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena"
Laureados: Wassily Leontief
Motivo: "for the development of the input-output method and for its application to important economic problems"
Laureados: John R. Hicks, Kenneth J. Arrow
Motivo: "for their pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium theory and welfare theory"
Laureados: Simon Kuznets
Motivo: "for his empirically founded interpretation of economic growth which has led to new and deepened insight into the economic and social structure and process of development"
Laureados: Paul A. Samuelson
Motivo: "for the scientific work through which he has developed static and dynamic economic theory and actively contributed to raising the level of analysis in economic science"
1969: Ragnar Frisch (Noruega) e Jan Tinbergen (Países Baixos), "por terem desenvolvido e aplicado modelos dinâmicos à análise de processos económicos"